The Amazonas region is about a third of the territory of Peru but has only a tenth of the population. Partly due to the low human population, Peruvian Amazon has some of the most incredible biodiversity on the planet. Also, the variety of micro-climates and cloud forests mean that in a relatively small geographical area, you can see many different ecosystems, each with its own flora and fauna.
The dominant pre-Columbian culture was the Chachapoyas, after whom the capital is named. The Chachapoyas were at their height between the years 1100-1300, after which they were dominated by the Inca. Kuélap is the most important archeological site for the Chachapoyas.
There are few roads in this area and almost every destination requires hiking. It’s also colder than most jungle areas this close to the equator. This is a vast area, so plan ahead for which parts you want to visit.